کارگاه به زبان فارسی ارائه خواهد شد
مطالب مورد بحث کارگاه
Traditionally, agricultural extension agents (AEAs) have been considered as intermediaries between researchers and farmers. They act as facilitators and communicators, helping farmers make better decisions and ensuring them the use of appropriate knowledge and technologies toward sustainable food production systems. However, an important question is how developing countries promote their extension programs that can enhance AEAs capabilities to approach agricultural and rural development in the 21st century. Considering this new vision, there is a need for a comprehensive information data bank (IDB) that records all the biophysics and socio-economic attributes at farm and farmer level including land tenure systems that is expected to be conducted partly by AEAs. The new mission of AEAs should hence be to collect socio-economic data including land tenure systems, land and water governance, farmers’ livelihood, etc. Given the already established Cadastral maps (CM), which are mainly used to show the extent, value and ownership of land, the foundation of IDB could be built on these maps. Using such improved maps will mitigate conflicts between farmers in terms of providing them with a new generation of these maps. These practices illustrate the important role of governance in determining the relationship between the human factor (farmers) and use of his assets (land and water) to avoid conflicts and achieve sustainable food production systems. In this context, to improve the traditional visions on the agricultural extension, the new mission of AEA should be to collect relevant data on different indicators to be added as inclusive socio-economic layers to CM. These indicators should include the historical trajectories of land/water, institutional arrangements on land/water, different land/water tenure systems, and types and purpose of land/water use change. In this way, a comprehensive bank of information should be created to explain how access to these assets by human factors has been governed. In order to monitor the relationship between farmers and these natural assets, the government and policy makers should support developing such an IDB.